Microbiome

Dietary Quality Influences Microbiome Composition In Human Colonic Mucosa

Studying the association between diet quality and microbiome composition in human colonic mucosa revealed that a high-quality diet is linked to more potentially beneficial bacteria, while a low-quality diet is associated with an increase in...
Related topics: Diet, Bacteria

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Growth Failure In Preterm Infants Tied To Altered Gut Bacteria

Extremely premature infants who fail to grow as expected have delayed development of their microbiome, or communities of bacteria and other micro-organisms living in the gut, according to a new study.
Related topics: Bacteria, Medical Research

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Researchers Find A Core Cow Microbiome Dictates Dairy Cow Productivity And Emissions

An international team of researchers has found that a core cow microbiome dictates dairy cow productivity and methane emissions. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the group describes DNA testing they did on rumen microbes in...
Related topics: Medical Research, DNA, Genetics

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Can Mathematics Help Us Understand The Complexity Of Our Microbiome?

In humans, the gut microbiome is an ecosystem of hundreds to thousands of microbial species living within the gastrointestinal tract, influencing health and even longevity. As interest in studying the microbiome continues to increase, understanding...

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Quantifying And Understanding Well-to-well Contamination In Microbiome Research

When Amnon Amir, Jon Sanders, and their colleagues began using positive control samples of Vibrio fischeri in plate-based extractions as a way to validate results, they unexpectedly observed that many of the surrounding samples would also show...
Related topics: Medical Research

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New Research Sheds Light On A Possible Cause Of Autism: Processed Foods

A new study from the University of Central Florida makes the case for the emerging connection of autism and the human microbiome.High levels of Propionic Acid (PPA), used in processed foods to extend shelf life, reduces neuronal development in fetal...
Related topics: Medical Research, Autism

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Ocean Swimming Alters Skin Microbiome, Increasing Vulnerability To Infection

Swimming in the ocean alters the skin microbiome and may increase the likelihood of infection, according to research presented at ASM Microbe 2019, the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology. “Our data demonstrate for the...
Related topics: Medical Research

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Meet The Eye Microbiome

Bacteria live on our eyeballs, and understanding their role could help treat common eye diseases -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
Related topics: Bacteria

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Embattled $600 Million Poop-testing Startup Ubiome Once Partnered With Nurx, A Birth Control...

The Silicon Valley health startup uBiome is in hot water on the heels of an FBI raid in April. Founded in 2012, uBiome raised $105 million from investors on the promise of exploring the microbiome, a "forgotten organ." As uBiome advanced from a...
Related topics: Startup, Birth Control - Contraception, Silicon Valley, FBI

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Fda Warns Of Infections From Fecal Transplants After 1 Death

FRIDAY, June 14, 2019 -- Fecal transplants -- transferring fecal matter from a healthy person into an ill person with a compromised "microbiome" -- is an increasingly used new treatment for a variety of ills. But on Thursday federal health...
Related topics: Food And Drug Administration

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The Week That Wasn't: Cancer And Microbiome, Radiation Effects, Period Vacuums

A quick overview of three medical stories that are worth a mention. Medscape
Related topics: Cancer, Oncology

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Gut Microbes Eat Our Medication

Researchers have discovered one of the first concrete examples of how the microbiome can interfere with a drug's intended path through the body. Focusing on levodopa (L-dopa), the primary treatment for Parkinson's disease, they identified which...
Related topics: Medical Research, Parkinson's, Bacteria

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Martin J. Blaser To Receive Robert Koch Gold Medal For Contribution To Medicine

Martin J. Blaser, director of Rutgers University's Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine whose research led to new understandings about the beneficial relationships between humans and their microbiome (the microbes that live on and in our...
Related topics: Medical Research, Biotechnology

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The Latest Reason To Breast-feed: Milk Is Alive

Fresh breast milk may nourish a baby’s microbiome in ways that bottled breast milk can’t.

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Antibiotic Produced By The Microbiome Kills Bacteria By Disturbing Energy Metabolism

A research team has investigated the mode of action of a new class of antibiotics that is highly effective against multidrug-resistant pathogens. The so-called fibupeptides impair the energy supply to the bacterial cell, consequently causing their...
Related topics: Antibiotics, Bacteria, Medical Research

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Could Fecal Transplants Be The Secret To Healthier Older Age?

Fecal transplants from young to aged mice can stimulate the gut microbiome and revive the gut immune system, a study by immunologists at the Babraham Institute, Cambridge, has shown. The research is published in the journal Nature...
Related topics: Medical Research

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How The Microbiome Might Predict Diabetes, Premature Birth And Gut Diseases

Over the last 10 years, the U.S. National Institutes of Health has invested $170 million to better understand the universe of bacteria that live within us—the so-called microbiome. In the first phase of the project, researchers focused on...
Related topics: Diabetes, Bacteria, Medical Research

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New Findings Reveal How Microbiome Is Disrupted During Disease Flare-ups

A study led by researchers from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard is the first to observe the complex set of biochemical and molecular events that disrupt the microbiome and trigger immune...
Related topics: Medical Research, Harvard University

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Biostatistician Studies Link Between Microbiome And Preterm Birth

Pregnant African American women are more likely than white women to give birth prematurely, but they're underrepresented in studies of preterm birth rates. A biostatistics is working to change that.
Related topics: African-American

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Medical News Today: 10 Ways To Improve Gut Health

The gut is home to billions of microorganisms. Many of these are beneficial to overall health. In this article, learn how to promote the growth of beneficial bacteria and balance the gut microbiome.
Related topics: Bacteria

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