Genomics

Oldest Connection With Native Americans Identified Near Lake Baikal In Siberia

Using human population genetics, ancient pathogen genomics and isotope analysis, a team of researchers assessed the population history of the Lake Baikal region, finding the deepest connection to date between the peoples of Siberia and the Americas....
Related topics: Siberia, Genetics

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Genomic Selection In Dairy Cows Creates Opportunities Not Possible With Traditional Selection

Genomic selection has become a critical tool for the dairy industry around the world since genomic evaluations were first implemented in the United States and Canada in 2009. The 2019 ADSA Annual Meeting featured the Joint ADSA/Interbull Breeding...
Related topics: Genetics

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New Technology Will Show How Rna Regulates Gene Activity

The discovery of a huge number of long non-protein coding RNAs, aka lncRNAs, in the mammalian genome was a major surprise of the recent large-scale genomics projects. An international team including a bioinformatician from the Research Center of...
Related topics: Genetics, Scientific Discoveries, Proteins

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Penn State And Nagp Identify And Reconstitute Two Lost Holstein Lines

Artificial insemination (AI), breeding value estimation, and genomic selection have allowed substantial increases in milk and component yields for Holstein cows. However, their widespread use has also led to challenges including declining fertility,...
Related topics: Genetics

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Fda Approves First At-home Saliva Test For Covid-19

FRIDAY, May 8, 2020 -- The first COVID-19 test using saliva samples that patients collect at home has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The emergency use authorization was issued to Rutgers Clinical Genomics Laboratory for...
Related topics: Food And Drug Administration, Genetics

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Research Helps Expand Genome Sequencing Of Marine Mammals

Researchers will soon have access to the full genomic sequences for 23 marine mammal species preserved by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), thanks to an ongoing collaboration between NIST and a scientific consortium called...
Related topics: Genetics, DNA

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Ancient Andes, Analyzed

An international research team has conducted the first in-depth, wide-scale study of the genomic history of ancient civilizations in the central Andes mountains and coast before European contact. The findings reveal early genetic distinctions...
Related topics: Genetics

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High Alcohol Consumption May Be Causally Tied To Stroke, Pad

TUESDAY, May 5, 2020 -- Higher alcohol consumption may be causally associated with an increased risk for stroke and peripheral artery disease, according to a study published online May 5 in Circulation: Genomic and Precision Medicine. Susanna C....
Related topics: Alcohol, Stroke, Medical Research, Genetics

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Genomically Targeted Treatment Slows Advanced Prostate Cancer

MONDAY, May 4, 2020 -- Genomic targeted prostate cancer treatment shows a survival benefit in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, according to a study published online April 28 in the New England Journal of...
Related topics: Prostate Cancer, Cancer, Oncology, Genetics, Medical Research

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Smart Use Of Genomic Data Needed In Species Conservation

A 'step-change' in conservation is needed in order to help save species from extinction in the future. Evolutionary geneticists call for the smart use of genomic data to make populations more resilient to future genetic drift and inbreeding, and...
Related topics: Genetics

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Making Safe Choices: Dna Repair Mechanisms Avoid Chromosomal Combinations Predisposed To Disease

Homologous recombination is an essential process of DNA repair to maintain genomic integrity of the organism. Now, researchers from Japan have identified mechanisms that choose between alternate pathways of DNA repair to limit anomalous and...
Related topics: DNA, Genetics, Medical Research

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Genomic Secrets Of Scaly-foot Snail From Hydrothermal Vents

Researchers have decoded for the first time the genome of Scaly-foot Snail, a rare snail inhabited in what scientists called 'the origin of life'- deep-sea hydrothermal vents characterized with near-impossible living conditions. Unraveling the...
Related topics: Genetics

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Nea-backed Personal Genome Diagnostics Receives Fda Clearance For Its Cancer Diagnostic

Personal Genome Diagnostics, the venture-backed developer of a novel diagnostic kit for genomic profiling of different cancers in lab settings, has received clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for its PGDx elio tissue complete...
Related topics: Genetics, Food And Drug Administration, Cancer, Oncology

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Rapid Evolution In Fish: Genomic Changes Within A Generation

Researchers have identified the genetic basis of rapid adaptation using a native fish species. They compared threespine stickleback fish from different habitats in the Lake Constance region. Their study reveals that changes in the genome can be...
Related topics: Genetics

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Picking Up Threads Of Cotton Genomics

Researchers have now sequenced and assembled the genomes of the five major cotton lineages. Studying the cotton genomes provides breeders with insights on crop improvements at a genetic level.
Related topics: Genetics

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Oak Genomics Proves Its Worth

A year and a half following the publication of the pedunculate oak genome by France's National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment (INRAE) and The Commission for Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies (CEA), initial results...
Related topics: Genetics

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Genomics Used To Estimate Samoan Population Dynamics Over 3,000 Years

A new study estimating the size of the Samoan population using contemporary genomic data found that the founding population remained low for the first 1,500 years of human settlement, contributing to understanding the evolutionary context of the...
Related topics: Genetics

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Fda Approves Emergency Use Of Saliva Test To Detect Covid-19

The Rutgers Clinical Genomics Laboratory TaqPath SARS-CoV-2 Assay is intended for the qualitative detection of nucleic acid from SARS-CoV-2 in various nasal and throat swabs. Medscape Medical News
Related topics: Food And Drug Administration, Genetics

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Researchers Use 21st-century Genomics To Estimate Samoan Population Over 3,000 Years

Reconstructing how many individuals first settled the many small islands in the Pacific and when they arrived remain important scientific questions, as well as an intriguing ones for understanding human history. Human migrations into the islands of...
Related topics: Genetics

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Small Protein That Synchronizes The Circadian Clocks In Shoots And Roots

Five years ago, researchers from the Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics (CRAG) led by the CSIC Research Professor Paloma Mas made the breakthrough discovery that the circadian clocks in the growing tip of the plant shoot function in a...
Related topics: Proteins, Genetics, Scientific Discoveries

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