Proteins

Toxin Responsible For Legionella Growth Identified

A team of scientists has discovered that the toxin SidJ in Legionella bacteria enforces a unique modification on human proteins and helps legionella grow inside human cells. SidJ hijacks human protein Calmodulin to its own advantage in one of the...
Related topics: Medical Research, Bacteria

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Technologies For The Directed Evolution Of Cell Therapies

New research highlights how the next generation of therapies are moving beyond the use of small molecules and proteins to using whole cells.

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Diverse Team Assembles To Protect Iconic Us Crop From Climate Change

Using deep learning techniques, we can analyze the effects of weather variability on soybean yield and protein production and work to develop high protein varieties that can withstand the stresses associated with changing climates.

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Molecular Sensor Scouts Dna Damage And Supervises Repair

In the time it takes you to read this sentence, every cell in your body suffers some form of DNA damage. Without vigilant repair, cancer would run rampant, and now scientists at the University of Pittsburgh have gotten a glimpse of how one protein...
Related topics: DNA, Genetics, Cancer, Oncology, Medical Research

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New Deactivation Mechanism For Switch Proteins Detected

A new mechanism for the deactivation of switch proteins has been identified. Switch proteins such as Ras regulate many processes in the body and affect diseases such as cancer.
Related topics: Cancer, Oncology

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The American Diet Is Having An Unhealthy Love Affair With Protein

The packaging was pretty—shiny purple foil wrapped around a double dark chocolate cookie. I stepped forward to reach for it. “PROTEIN COOKIE,” the label screamed upon closer inspection. I withdrew my hand and a friend shopping...
Related topics: Diet, Chocolate

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A Finnish Company Is Making Food Out Of Thin Air

The company's protein powder, "Solein," is similar in form and taste to wheat flour. Based on a concept developed by NASA, the product has wide potential as a carbon-neutral source of protein. The man-made "meat" industry just got even more...
Related topics: NASA, Space

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X-ray Laser Sight Reveals Drug Targets

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology have published a review on serial femtosecond crystallography, one of the most promising methods for analyzing the tertiary structure of proteins. This technique has rapidly evolved...
Related topics: Laser, Physics

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Taking Out The Protein Garbage Becomes More Difficult As Neurons Age

As cells age, their ability to shed harmful refuse declines. New research findings suggest that the deterioration of autophagy in aged neurons--cells that never replicate and are as old as the bodies they inhabit--could be a risk factor for a suite...
Related topics: Neurons, Medical Research

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Alzheimer’s Gene May Impact Cognition Before Adulthood

A gene linked to Alzheimer’s disease may impact cognitive health much sooner than previously realized. The APOE gene creates a protein, apolipoprotein E, which packages cholesterol and other fats to transport them through the bloodstream. There...
Related topics: Alzheimer's Disease, Genetics, Cholesterol

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Biochemistry: Versatile Recycling In The Cell

Ribosomes need regenerating. This process is important for the quality of the proteins produced and thus for the whole cell homeostasis as well as for developmental and biological processes. Biochemists and biophysicists have now watched one of the...

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Blood Biomarker Identifies Multiple Neurologic Disorders

Increased levels of neurofilament light protein can identify a number of neurodegenerative conditions with good to moderate accuracy. Medscape Medical News

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From Bugs To Drugs

A new study led by Prof Shoumo Bhattacharya has decoded the structure of unique proteins found in tick saliva and created new ones not found in nature, paving the way for a new generation of "Swiss-army knife' anti-inflammatory drugs, with...
Related topics: Medical Research

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Ants That Defend Plants Receive Sugar And Protein

Biologists Laura Carolina Leal and Felipe Passos have performed a series of experiments to determine how plants with extrafloral nectaries interact with ants in Brazil's Northeast region—specifically, in the interior of Bahia State, where the...

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Ants That Defend Plants Receive Sugar And Protein

The aggressiveness of ants in arid environments with scarce food supply helps protect plants against herbivorous arthropods.

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Collagen Vs. Whey: Which Protein Is Best For Your Needs?

Collagen or whey. Which should you choose? For years, collagen/gelatin was maligned by bodybuilding enthusiasts as an “incomplete protein” because it doesn’t contain all the essential amino acids, nor does it contribute directly to...
Related topics: Bodybuilding

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Protein Oxidation Reveals The Environmental Pollution Level In Doñana National Park

Deep in the heart of a protected area like Doñana National Park, it is supposedly clean and free from pollution compared to other kinds of areas such as a big city's downtown area. However, it does not always work out that way, since natural...

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'semi-synthetic' Bacteria Churn Out Unnatural Proteins

Synthetic biologists seek to create new life with forms and functions not seen in nature. Although scientists are a long way from making a completely artificial life form, they have made semi-synthetic organisms that have an expanded genetic code,...
Related topics: Genetics

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P38 Protein Regulates The Formation Of New Blood Vessels

A new study demonstrates that inhibition of the p38 protein boosts the formation of blood vessels in human and mice colon cancers. Known as angiogenesis, this process is critical in fueling cancer cells, allowing them to grow and to eventually...
Related topics: Medical Research, Colon Cancer, Cancer, Oncology

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Unmasking Mutant Cancer Cells

As cancer cells progress, they accumulate hundreds and even thousands of genetic and epigenetic changes, resulting in protein expression profiles that are radically different from that of healthy cells. But despite their heavily mutated proteome,...
Related topics: Cancer, Oncology, Genetics

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