Proteins

Researchers Discover A New Beneficial Function Of An Ancient Protein

Cell boundaries are made of lipids. When cells are severely damaged, these lipids need to be rapidly removed to avoid toxicity and facilitate tissue healing. Researchers have discovered that a small ancient protein, Serum Amyloid A (SAA), plays a...
Related topics: Medical Research

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How Molecular Escorts Help Prevent Cancer

The anti-tumor protein p53 can decide on the life or death of a cell: If it detects damage in the cell's genome, the protein pushes the cell to suicide. New research shows that this inborn cancer prevention only works when special proteins, known as...
Related topics: Cancer, Oncology, Genetics, Medical Research

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A Better Understanding Of The Von Willebrand Factor's A2 Domain

A team of researchers is working to characterize the mysterious protein known as the Von Willebrand Factor (vWF). In a recent article, they advance experimental data for the shear-induced extensional response of vWF, using a microfluidic device and...

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Inhibition Of Protein Phosphorylation Promotes Optic Nerve Regeneration After Injury

Research results suggest that the inhibition of phosphorylation of microtubule-binding protein CRMP2 could be a novel approach to the development of treatments for optic neuropathies, such as glaucoma and traumatic injury.
Related topics: Medical Research, Ophthalmology, Glaucoma

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A 'biomultimeter' To Measure Rna And Protein Production In Real-time

Builders of genetic circuits face the same quandary as builders of digital circuits: testing their designs. Yet unlike bioengineers, engineers have a simple and universal testing tool—the multimeter—that they can touch to their circuit to...
Related topics: Genetics

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Protein That Hinders Advancement Of Prostate Cancer Identified

Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have discovered that blocking a specific protein, may be a promising strategy to prevent the spread of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).
Related topics: Prostate Cancer, Cancer, Oncology, Medical Research

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A “biomultimeter” Lets Scientists Measure Rna And Protein Production In Real-time

Builders of genetic circuits face the same quandary as builders of digital circuits: testing their designs. Yet unlike bioengineers, engineers have a simple and universal testing tool — the multimeter — that they can touch to their circuit to...
Related topics: Genetics

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New Method Simplifies The Search For Protein Receptor Complexes, Speeding Drug Development

For a drug to intervene in cells or entire organs that are not behaving normally it must first bind to specific protein receptors in the cell membranes. Receptors can change their molecular structure in a multitude of ways during binding—and only...

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Key Acid-activated Protein Channel Identified

Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered a long-sought protein, the proton-activated chloride channel (PAC), that is activated in acidic environments and could protect against the tissue-damaging effects of stroke, heart attack, cancer and...
Related topics: Medical Research, Stroke, Cancer, Oncology

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Brain Cancer Drug Reactivates Body's Natural Defenses

Drug reactivates p53 tumor suppressor protein and increases chemotherapy effectiveness in potential glioblastoma breakthrough.
Related topics: Brain Tumors, Cancer, Oncology, Chemotherapy, Glioblastoma

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Tumor-suppressing Protein May Be Novel Target In Pah Therapy

In addition to suppressing tumors, the protein tuberous sclerosis complex 2 (TSC2) may play a role in preventing or treating pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), according to research presented at ATS 2019.
Related topics: Cancer, Tuberous Sclerosis, Hypertension, Medical Research

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17 Things Nutritionists Want You To Know About Calories

Most people have some history with calorie counting. Some do it to lose extra pounds, others track them to gain weight. Calories — depending on whether they come from carbs, fat, or protein...
Related topics: Calories

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Molecular Structure Of One Of Alzheimer's Stickier Culprits

Researchers have mapped the molecular structure and dynamics of an aggressive protein modification that spurs on Alzheimer's disease. A new study offers greater understanding of the microscopic, toxic protein fragments, called beta amyloids, that...
Related topics: Alzheimer's Disease, Medical Research

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Changes In Subsistence Hunting Threaten Local Food Security

Scientists say that subsistence hunting in Neotropical rain forests -- the mainstay of local people as a source of protein and a direct connection to these ecosystems -- is in jeopardy from a variety of factors.

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How A Member Of A Family Of Light-sensitive Proteins Adjusts Skin Color

Researchers have found that opsin 3 -- a protein closely related to rhodopsin, the protein that enables low-light vision -- has a role in adjusting the amount of pigment produced in human skin, a determinant of skin color.
Related topics: Medical Research

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Changes In Subsistence Hunting Threaten Local Food Security

Scientists with the Universidad San Francisco de Quito and WCS Ecuador Program publishing in the journal BioTropica say that subsistence hunting in Neotropical rain forests - the mainstay of local people as a source of protein and a direct...

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Medical News Today: What To Know About A Low-protein Diet

People with kidney-related illnesses may benefit from a low-protein diet. Key changes can help people create a varied, healthful, low-protein diet plan that works for them. Learn more here.
Related topics: Diet

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Designing Biological Movement On The Nanometer Scale

Synthetic proteins have been created that move in response to their environment in predictable and tunable ways. These motile molecules were designed from scratch on computers, then produced inside living cells.

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Key Step In Cell Protein Production

Scientists have discovered how genes create proteins in research which could aid the development of treatments for human diseases.
Related topics: Medical Research, Genetics

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Human Antibody Reveals Hidden Vulnerability In Influenza Virus

The ever-changing 'head' of an influenza virus protein has an unexpected Achilles heel, report scientists. The team discovered the structure of a naturally occurring human antibody that recognizes and disrupts a portion of the hemagglutinin (HA)...
Related topics: Influenza (Flu), Virus, Virology, Medical Research

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